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    SGM41511

    I2C Controlled 3A Single-Cell Battery Charger with High Input Voltage Capability and Narrow Voltage DC (NVDC) Power Path Management
     
    I2C Controlled 3A Single-Cell Battery Charger with High Input Voltage Capability and Narrow Voltage DC (NVDC) Power Path Management
    GENERAL DESCRIPTION

    The SGM41511 is a battery charger and system power path management device with integrated converter and power switches for use with single-cell Li-Ion or Li-polymer batteries. This highly integrated 3A device is capable for fast charging and supports a wide input voltage range suitable for smart phones, tablets and portable systems. I2C programming makes it a very flexible powering and charger design solution.

    The device includes four main power switches: input reverse blocking FET (RBFET, Q1), high-side switching FET for buck or boost mode (HSFET, Q2), low-side switching FET for buck or boost mode switching (LSFET, Q3) and battery FET that controls the interconnection of the system and battery (BATFET, Q4). The bootstrap diode for the high-side gate driving is also integrated. The internal power path has a very low impedance that reduces the charging time and maximizes the battery discharge efficiency. Moreover the input voltage and current regulations provide maximum charging power delivery to the battery with various types of input sources.

    A wide range of input sources are supported, including standard USB host, charging ports and USB compliant high voltage adapters. The default input current limit is automatically selected based on the built-in USB interface. This limit is determined by the detection circuit in the system (e.g. USB PHY). SGM41511 is USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 power specifications compliant with input current and voltage regulation. It also meets USB On-The-Go (OTG) power rating specification and is capable to boost the battery voltage to supply 5.15V on VBUS with 1.2A (or 0.5A) current limit.

    The system voltage is regulated slightly above the battery voltage by the power path management circuit and is kept above the programmable minimum system voltage (3.5V by default). Therefore, system power is maintained even if the battery is completely depleted or removed. Dynamic power management (DPM) feature is also included that automatically reduces the charge current if the input current or voltage limit is reached. If the system load continues to increase after reduction of charge current down to zero, the power path management provides the deficit from battery by discharging battery to the system until the system power demand is fulfilled. This is called supplement mode and prevents input source overloading.

    Starting and termination of a charging cycle can be accomplished without software control. The sensed battery voltage is used to decide for starting phase of charge in one of the three phases of charge cycle: pre-conditioning, constant current or constant voltage. When the charge current falls below a preset limit and the battery voltage is above recharge threshold, the charger function will automatically terminate and end the charging cycle. If the voltage of a charged battery falls below the recharge threshold, the charger starts another charging cycle.

    Several safety features are provided in the SGM41511 such as over-voltage and over-current protections, battery temperature monitoring, charging safety timing, thermal shutdown and input UVLO. TS pin is connected to an NTC thermistor for battery temperature monitoring and protection in both charge and boost modes according to JEITA profile. This device also features thermal regulation in which the charge current is reduced if the junction temperature exceeds 80 or 120 (selectable).

    Charging status is reported by the STAT output and fault/status bits. A negative pulse is sent to the nINT output pin as soon as a fault occurs to notify the host. BATFET reset control is provided by nQON pin to exit ship mode or for a full system reset.

    The device is available in a Green TQFN-4×4-24L package.

    PIN CONFIGURATIONS

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    FEATURES
    • High Efficiency, 1.5MHz, Synchronous Buck Charger
      93% Charge Efficiency at 1A from 5V Input
      91% Charge Efficiency at 2A from 5V Input
      Optimized for USB Voltage Input (5V)
      Selectable PFM Mode for Light Load Efficiency

    • USB On-The-Go (OTG) Support (Boost Mode)
      Boost Converter with up to 1.2A Output
      Boost Efficiency of 93.5% at 0.5A and 92.2% at 1A
      Accurate Hiccup Mode Over-Current Protection
      Soft-Start Capable with up to 500μF Capacitive Load
      Output Short Circuit Protection
      Selectable PFM Mode for Light Load Operations

    • Single Input for USB or High Voltage Adapters
      3.9V to 13.5V Operating Input Voltage Range
      20V Absolute Maximum Input Voltage Rating
      Programmable Input Current Limit and Dynamic Power Management (IINDPM, 100mA to 3.2A with 100mA Resolution) to Support USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 Standards and High Voltage Adaptors
      Maximum Power Tracking by Input Voltage Limit up to 5.4V (VINDPM)
      VINDPM Tracking of Battery Voltage

    • High Battery Discharge Efficiency with 28mΩ Switch

    • Narrow Voltage DC (NVDC) Power Path Management
      Instant-On with No or Highly Depleted Battery
      Ideal Diode Operation in Battery Supplement Mode

    • Ship Mode, Wake-Up and Full System Reset Capability by Battery FET Control

    • Flexible Autonomous and I2C Operation Modes for Optimal System Performance

    • Fully Integrated Switches, Current Sense and Compensation

    • 10μA Ship Mode Low Battery Leakage Current

    • High Accuracy
      ±0.5% Charge Voltage Regulation
      ±5% Charge Current Regulation at 1.5A
      ±10% Input Current Regulation at 0.9A

    • Safety
      Battery Temperature Sensing (Charge/Boost Modes)
      Thermal Regulation and Thermal Shutdown
      Input Under-Voltage Lockout (UVLO)
      Input Over-Voltage (ACOV) Protection

    APPLICATIONS

    Smart Phones, EPOS
    Portable Internet Devices and Accessory

    ORDERING INFORMATION
    Part NumberStatusPackagePinsPb-FreeTemp Range
    SGM41511YTQF24G/TRProductionTQFN-4×4-24L24Y-40℃ to +85℃

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